for a General Assembly to be held in 1941, were completely disrupted by the war. While Aristotle retained the finality of the good, he also inscribed it in the rational nature of the individual. 26 This pleasure in singing continued throughout his whole life. 15 Rather, the book is a series of individual essays by both Catholics and Protestants which can claim only the individual conviction and responsibility of the several authors. By redeemed man it can be restored. 51 Interview with Pastor August Rehbach, October 15, 1959.
104 The stress on the notion of the Church already growing through the liturgical movement, the ecumenical movement, and dialectical theology was given a dramatic emphasis at Barmen. Michel later spoke of the Alienation beginning to thaw, outside of the still frozen north and middle German states, which would of course include Leipzig where the Deutsche Rundschau is published. But these solitary forerunners did not give up! The Reformation was not spread and held by heretics and philosophers, but by men who were really searching for a religion for the heart. He wrote, What a joy it was to get back my books today: my Breviary in Latin and German and my New Testament in Greek and German. These were given a loose organization and further stimulation by the Catholic priest Max Metzger, who founded the Una Sancta Brotherhood in 1938. 30 Josef Lortz, Wie kam es zur Reformation? 32 The Una Sancta Brotherhood With the rise of the Nazi party Father Metzgers work in ecumenical circles was limited almost exclusively to Germany, as was that of other German churchmen. Another development of the l980's favoring the rise of the Una Sancta Movement was the appearance of the two Konfessionskunde, or Dictionaries of the Christian Faiths, both highly praised by Protestants and Catholics alike; these studies attempted.
32 In the first issue of the new Unions periodical Siegfried Graf von Lüttichau asked, Does our Protestant service fulfill its religious task? Germany, the starting place of the Reformation in the sixteenth century and its consequent divisions, has become in the twentieth century the land of the Una Sancta Movement with its drive for Christian unity. 34 Franz Hillig,.J., Wo steht die katholische Bibelarbeit? But at least one, the Jesuit Max Pribilla, was somewhat cynical. 2 The words of Eduard LeRoy are even more biting: The simple faithful play only the role of little sheep on Candlemas. 17 The new stress on the laymans active participation in the liturgy has re-emphasized a line of thought which is similar to the Lutheran doctrine of the priesthood of all believers, that of the general priesthood of the laity.
18 Such a figure is possible. Protestants and Catholicsboth bear the guilt for the present circumstances and neither has the right to raise himself above the other. 7 Wilfried Lempp, Oekumenisch oder katholisch? 22 Although the Salzburger Klerusblatts comment on this attitude was, We need not bother saying that this position is erroneous, 23 Karl Rahner,.J., one of the foremost Catholic theologians in German-speaking lands, treated the problem somewhat differently. From the popes, first Benedict XV and then Pius XI, there was blessing and encouragement. And Peter and John say it right out: All are priests. Clemens Maria, 14 H?fer, Josef, 123 Hoffman, Hermann, 94, 109 Hoffmann Gottfried, 51 Holy Office, 27, 35, 36, 37, 69, 72, 73, 98, 114, 142, 160 H?gel, Friedrich von, 3 Humani, Generis, 60, 124, 134, 137-139, 142 Humiliaten.
The soul is created by God from nothing ( Enchiridion symbolorum 685). And Father Lortz, according to Laros, was the one man from either side of the confessional line best suited to direct such an institute. 58 He expressed himself even more forcefully and dramatically when he said, It is possible that in theological thought and in the consciousness of faith in a certain epoch part of revelation recedes into the background; it is not denied but is given less attention. In 1954 the first national Una Sancta conference drew 150 participants of both confessions to Berlin; that their determination was not essentially weakened is indicated by the fact that they directed an urgent plea to the Protestants. We are thinking particularly of the help given us in those areas of our Fatherland which earlier were almost entirely Protestant. Clemens Maria Hofbauer made in 1816: Since I have been a papal delegate in Poland I have become certain that the defection from the Church has come about because the Germans had and still have a need to be pious. He offered as one proof of this the statement that Pope Adrian VI, the last Germanic and non-Italian pope, made through his delegate Chierigati at the Reichstag in Nuremburg in 1522/23.
Lortz, following in the twentieth-century Catholic tradition, studied the soul of Luther, but with a much different perspective. 48 At the 1946 annual conference of all the German bishops at Fulda, Archbishop Jäger of Paderborn was chosen to take responsibility for all Una Sancta work in Germany and was encouraged to set up a center for such work. 14 Elisabeth Noelle Neumann and Erich Peter Neumann, Jahrbuch der öffentlichen Meinung, 1957 (Allensbach, 1957 29, 264. While in prison he wrote to one of the Sisters asking for books, requesting specifically a Bible concordance, Greek New Testament and dictionary, and his Luther Bible. But since the fall of 1960 the League has been gathering members throughout Europe and America; so far it has found recruits in Germany, Austria, Switzerland, Denmark, Sweden, The Netherlands, France and the USA. But it must be remembered that he had never before had the occasion to accept or refuse participation in an ecumenical conference; the last one had been in 1937, two years before he became pope.